Cats are very mobile and playful. Often mobility leads to injuries. Most of the wounds are always infected.
Particularly dangerous open fractures. When providing first aid to a wounded animal, first of all, remove the wool around the wound, and apply a 5% solution of iodine to the skin. Thus, you reduce the risk of microbial infection of the wound. Then you need to stop the bleeding. If the limb of an animal is damaged, then a bandage or tape should be placed above the wound. If the bleeding is insignificant, then a tight bandage should be applied to the wound, using a bandage. This dressing will protect the wound from secondary contamination. If the neck or trunk is damaged, then a thick layer of gauze (or napkins) should be applied to the wound and tightly bandaged. For any injury, be sure to immediately take measures against microbial contamination. The contaminated wound should be washed with warm soapy water or treated with hydrogen peroxide, dried with sterile powders and a bandage applied. However, if you saw that the cat licked the wound, do not rush to treat it surgically. In the saliva of the cat there is lysozyme and the cat spends its saliva by auto-processing, licking the wound. If you have treated a wound with a drug using medicines, then you can not lick the wound with it. If after contact with the dog, your cat has scratches and scratches, then they must be treated with antimicrobial solutions. Bruises come in four degrees. At the first degree, the inner layers of the skin and subcutaneous tissue are damaged. The second degree is characterized by considerable tissue damage. At the second degree, muscles are split, hematomas are formed, inflammatory edema develops, the body temperature rises, the pulse and breathing become more frequent, and the general condition of the affected cat worsens. The third degree, which happens after a strong impact, is characterized by severe damage to the skin, muscles, tendons, joint dislocations and, in some cases, even cracks or fractures of bones. With a third degree bruise, shock and tissue necrosis often occurs. If the head or spine is damaged, a nervous breakdown can occur. At the fourth degree there is a complete destruction of tissues and crushing of bones. The damaged part of the body is turned off and not restored. If the wound at the fourth degree is infected, then abscesses, sepsis may develop. At the fourth degree, general severe changes in the cat's body are observed. The prognosis for recovery at the first and second degree of contusions is favorable, at the third - very cautious, and at the fourth - unfavorable. In the treatment of bruises, the following rules should be adhered to: the cat is provided with rest, the prevention of septic complications is carried out, the edema and bruises are prevented and eliminated, the skin is treated with a 5% solution of iodine. With bruises of the second degree apply cold (in the first day), pressing bandages, astringents, and then apply thermal procedures or alcohol-drying bandages. With bruises of the third degree, compresses, antiseptic agents, Novocain blockades, anti-shock measures are prescribed. It is clear that only a veterinarian will appoint a qualified course of treatment for your pet.